How to Effectively Use LED Grow Lights to Maximize Yields
The lighting industry has experienced tremendous developments with cultivators beginning to experience the advantages of swapping the conventional HPS grow lights with the recently developed light emitting iodide lights, shortly known as LED grow lights. The use of the latter brings about a significant reduction in utility costs and lower energy consumption. Even for the veteran indoor cultivators, getting maximum yields from LED grow lights is not automatic. This explains why brilliant ideas on how to increase efficiencies and get high returns are still being learned and shared.
The mounting process
Investing in the right mounting your LEDs at the recommended height can improve the plants’ yield and the quality. While factors such as the presence or absence of natural lighting will influence how you mount your LED lights, ensuring that they uniformly distribute their light is vital. Should you mount them too high, you might be able to cover a larger area, but this will compromise on the intensity of the light, while mounting them too low may stress the plants. As a rule of the thumb, when the higher the light’s intensity, the more the distance should be between the light source and the plants’ canopy. This implies that LED grow lights that vary in their power ratings will perform optimally at different distances. It would be best to follow the manufacturer’s recommendation and first comprehend your daily light integral and come up with a perfect mounting plan.
Additionally, you might need to consider surrounding the grow area with a reflective material. This ensures that plants and leaves on the outer edge grow at more or less the same pace as those at the center, as light is evenly distributed.
Turn up the heat
LEDs do not radiate the same of heat as HIDs which means that you can better control the room temperature. The recommended room temperature should range between 82 and 85 degrees rather than 72 degrees for HIDs during the day and can go as low as 60-65 degrees when the lights are out. This directly results in low water usage as LED lights transmit significantly less warmth than traditional lights.
The LED light’s spectrum
The spectrum a LED grow light covers is seemingly the most critical element with regards to how well your plants develop. Plants require certain wavelengths of light to flourish, and the room needs to be fitted with various LED lights, as each covers a somewhat narrow wavelength. They must be mounted in a correct pattern and be proportionally arranged so that they provide the required intensity for the plants to thrive. You will then need to define your light cycles by regulating the amount of time the plants are exposed to either light or darkness.
The benefits of LED grow lights are quite numerous and considering this is perceived as a somewhat ‘new’ technology, they are more expensive than the conventional grow lights. However, as the LED grow light technology continues to advance and costs are expected to drop, passing on the savings to the end user.